Today, there is a global crisis in clean water. One out of every five people in the world lacks access to safe drinking water. An estimated 500 million people in the world are at risk of drinking arsenic contaminated water. Some 1.8 million children die each year as a result of diarrhea. About half of all people in developing countries suffer at any given time from a health problem caused by water borne diseases. The lack of clean water affects millions of people, with illness and lost educational opportunities in childhood leading to poverty in adulthood. But a sustainable solution to obtain clean drinking water for majority of the population in the world is still elusive. The solution lies in the application of appropriate science and technology and dissemination through education.
The Center for Clean Water and Sustainable Technologies (CCWST) was chartered on April 2008. The center idea was prompted by winning the 2007 National Academy of Engineering- Grainger Challenge for Sustainability prize by Dr. Abul Hussam of the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. The primary focus of the center is to find chemical and biochemical ways to obtain clean water through a process of measurement, characterization, and mitigation method development. The sustainability issues in clean water research involve development of novel inexpensive techniques to detect chemical toxins and pathogenic species (bacteria and viruses) and find ways to remove them inexpensively without harming the environment. Although it is one of the simplest molecules known, obtaining clean water is a complex process- scientifically, socially, and economically. It is the issue of the time.
The center is a key contributor for the development of the SONO Water Filtration System, which is now used by over a million people affected by arsenic in groundwater.
Center for Clean Water and Sustainable Technologies
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
George Mason University
Fairfax, VA 22030
Meso-scale treatment of impervious surface runoff using Palygorskite minerals.
Journal of Environmental Science and Health
Dr. Shahamat U. Khan
Editor in Chief
Center for Clean Water and Sustainable Technologies
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
George Mason University
Fairfax, VA 22030
Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Dr. Shahamat Khan is a world renowned authority on humic materials and bound residues. His research interest pertaining to CCWST is described as follows.
Pesticides in Sediments and Water
Shahamat U. Khan
About one billion pounds of pesticides are used each year in the United States to control weeds, insects, and other organisms. About 80% of this quantity is used in agriculture. Although the use of pesticides has resulted in increased crop production and other benefits, it has raised concerns about the potential adverse effects on the environment and human health. In many respect, the greatest potential for unintended adverse effects of pesticides is through contamination of the hydrologic system. Water is one of the primary pathways by which pesticides are transported from their application areas to other parts of the environment.
There is considerable information in the literature on pesticides in bed sediments and aquatic biota in rivers and estuaries. However, still there are gaps in our standing of the distribution and trend in pesticide contamination in bed sediments and aquatic biota. There is little known on the extent of contamination of currently used pesticides, including the few organochlorine insecticides still permitted for use in agriculture as well as certain pesticides that are moderately hydrophobic and moderately persistent. Although large scale monitoring of these compounds in stream sediments and aquatic biota may not be warranted, it may be reasonable to monitor such pesticides in areas of known high or repeated use, or in association with specific land use or crops. There is much to be learned about the biological significance of pesticide residues in hydrologic systems. Some research areas are particularly compelling: for example, the effects of chemical mixtures and potential adverse effects on aquatic life, wildlife, human health due to endocrine disruption.
It is hoped that in the new center a multidisciplinary research efforts that combine chemistry, hydrology, and ecotoxicology will provide a more complete perspective of the occurrence, distribution and significance of pesticides in bed sediments and biota of rivers and lakes which support aquatic life and related food chains and is used for recreation, drinking water, irrigation, and many other purposes.
Graduates and Postdoctoral Fellows
Patents, Publications, and Presentations
Removing Viruses from Drinking Water, US Provisional Patent Application No.: 61089143; Filed by George Mason Intellectual Properties Inc., August 15, 2008. (with Dr. Tim Born)
Composite Iron Matrix Embedded Fabrics – A Prototype, GMU-10-024, US Provisional Patent Application No.: 61/285,635, filed 12/11/2009 (with Dr. Sad Ahmed and Dr. AKM Munir)
- Anke Neumann*, Ralf Kaegi, Andreas Voegelin, Abul Hussam, Abul Munir, Stephan Hug. Arsenic removal with composite iron matrix filters in Bangladesh: a field and laboratory study. Environ. Sci. and Technol. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es305176x, February 5, 2013.
- Abul Hussam. Potable Water: Nature and Purification in Monitoring in Water Quality. pp 259-279, S. Ahuja (Editor). Elsevier B.V. January 2013.
- Kirubel Assegid*, Farhan Ahmed, Sad Ahamed, and Abul Hussam*. Development of a Gas Phase Chemiluminescence System for the Measurement of Arsenic in Drinking Water. Anal. Methods, 3 (12), 2921 – 2928 (2011).
- Hon Zhang, Abul Hussam, Stephen Weber*. Property and Transport Behavior of Perfluorotripentylamine (FC-70)-doped Amorphous Teflon AF 2400 Films. J. Am. Chem. Soc., ASAPDOI: 10.1021/ja1075647, November 24 (2010).
- Abul Hussam, Contending with a Development Disaster: SONO Filters Remove Arsenic. Innovations: Technology, Governance, and Globalization. 4(3), 103–106 (2009).
- Abul Hussam, Clean Drinking Water: Solving the Arsenic Crisis in Bangladesh through a Sustainable Local Filtration Technology. IOM (Institute of Medicine) 2009. pp. 24-29. Global Environmental Health: Research Gaps and Barriers for Providing Sustainable Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Services. Washington, D.C.: The National Academic Press, www.nap.edu.
- Doug Mays and Abul Hussam*. Voltammetric Measurement of Arsenic in the Environment – A Review. Analytica Chimica Acta. 646, 6-16 (2009).
- Sad Ahamed, Abul K. M. Munir, and Abul Hussam. Groundwater Arsenic Removal Technologies Based on Sorbents: Field Applications and Sustainability, in Handbook of Water Quality and Water Purity, pp 379-417, S. Ahuja (Editor), Elsevier Inc., 2009.
- Abul Hussam*, Sad Ahamed, and Abul K. M. Munir. Arsenic Filters for Bangladesh: Toward a Sustainable Solution. The Bridge – Linking Engineering and Society, National Academy of Engineering, 38(3), 14-23 (2008).
- Abul Hussam* and Abul K. M. Munir. Development of a simple arsenic filter for groundwater of Bangladesh based on composite iron matrix in Arsenic Contamination of Groundwater: Mechanism, Analysis, and Remediation. pp 278 – 289, S. Ahuja (Editor). Wiley Interscience. 2008.
- Abul Hussam, Novel water filters based on composite iron matrix: Fundamental studies, production and deployment. Workshop on Water Filtering: Public Governance for Innovative Technology, February 21, 2013, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.
- Neumann A, Kaegi R, Voegelin A, Hussam A, Munir AKM, and Hug S. Arsenic Removal with Composite Iron Matrix Filters from Bangladesh. Assessing Micropollutant Transformation Dynamics in the Earth’s Critical Zone, Goldschmidt 2011, 16th August, 2011, Prague, Czech Republic.
- Sad Ahamed*, Said Khiti, Abul. K. Munir and Abul Hussam, Dynamics of Arsenic Removal by Composite Iron Matrix, ACS 42nd Middle Atlantic Regional Meeting -MARM 2011; May 21-24, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.
- Mahmud Eljack* and Abul Hussam, Association of n-Alkylbenzenes with Fulvic Acid in Aqueous Media, ACS 42nd Middle Atlantic Regional Meeting -MARM 2011; May 21-24, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.
- Kirubel Assegid* and Abul Hussam, Gas-phase Chemiluminescence of Arsine for the Measurement of Arsenic in Water: Development of a Routine Analytical Technique, ACS 42nd Middle Atlantic Regional Meeting -MARM 2011; May 21-24, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.
- Joan Rozario* and Abul Hussam, Study of Ag+ – AsH3 Reaction by Reflectance Photometry- Application in Trace Arsenic Measurement, ACS 42nd Middle Atlantic Regional Meeting -MARM 2011; May 21-24, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.
- Abul Hussam*, Provisioning of arsenic-free drinking water in Bangladesh: Sustainable Technologies and Social Implications. Clifford Symposium: Beyond Rx: Global Health. Middlebury College, Vermont, USA. September 24, 2010.
- Abul Hussam* and Sad Ahmed, Arsenic sorption dynamics on composite iron matrix for efficient arsenic water filter design, ENVRO12a Sustaining Water Quality, Document ID 11741, 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Boston MA. August 23, 2010.
- Abul Hussam* and Sad Ahmed, Fast evaluation of arsenic sorption dynamics on iron based sorbents by continuous flow hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Advances in Analytical Chemistry for Environmental Applications, Paper 20, 238th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington D.C. August 23, 2010.
- Purnendu Dasgupta*, Mrinal K. Sengupta, and Abul Hussam., Electroreduction based gas-phase chemiluminescence: Green analyzer for arsenic. Paper 175, 239th American Chemical Society National Conference, San Francisco, CA, USA. March 21-25. 2010.
- Kirubel Assegid* and Abul Hussam, Development of a gas phase chemiluminescence system for the measurement of arsenic in environmental samples. Abstract #970-IP, Fluorescence and Luminescence Applications, Pittsburgh Conference (PITTCON), Orlando, Florida, March 01, 2010.
- Abul Hussam* and Sad Ahmed, Fast evaluation of arsenic sorption dynamics on iron based sorbents by continuous flow hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Advances in Analytical Chemistry for Environmental Applications, Paper 20, 238th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington D.C. August 17, 2009.
- Kirubel Assegid* and Abul Hussam, Development of a gas phase chemiluminescence detection system for the measurement of arsenic in environmental samples. General poster # 59, 238th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington D.C. August 16 and 17, 2009.
- Doug E. Mays* and Abul Hussam, Voltammetric speciation of arsenic in groundwater: Problems and prospects. General poster # 198, 238th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington D.C. August 16, 2009.
- Sad Ahamed*, Abul K. M. Munir, and Abul Hussam, Novel arsenic filters based on composite iron matrix: Fundamental studies, production, and large scale deployment. General poster # 188, 238th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington D.C. August 19, 2009.
- Abul Hussam. Chemistry for Clean Water. Keynote and theme paper presented and published by Bangladesh Chemical Congress 2008, Dhaka Bangladesh. Jan 30, 2009. (invited keynote speaker)
- Abul Hussam*, Abul K. M. Munir, and Sad Ahamed. Arsenic Filter based on Composite Iron Matrix. Paper presented at International Conference on Water Scarcity, Global Changes, and Groundwater Management Responses, UC Irvine, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)., University of California, Irvine. Dec. 1-5, 2008 (invited)
- Abul Barkat* and Abul Hussam*. Provisioning of Arsenic-free Water in Bangladesh: A Human Rights Challenge. Keynote Paper presented at Engineering, Social Justice, and Sustainable Community Development Workshop, The National Academy of Engineering (NAE) Centre for Engineering, Ethics, and Society and the National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C. October 2-3, 2008. (invited)
- Solid Phase Micro-extraction: Novel Applications. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, George Mason University, March 21, 2013.
- Arsenic in groundwater: A worldwide health hazard. Health and Environment (GCH 390), George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. March 20th, 2013.
- Composite iron matrix based inline water filters for drinking water arsenic mitigation in Turkey, Aksaray University, Aksaray, Turkey. February 19, 2013.
- Novel arsenic filters based on composite iron matrix: Fundamental studies, production and deployment Department of Chemistry, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA. Nov 1, 2012.
- Arsenic in Water: Environmental Science Perspective. George Mason University Governor’s School – Environmental Science Lecture, Oct 26, 2010.
- Potable water – A cost-effective and environmentally sustainable solution using a simple filtration technology. Seminar organized by AASHA, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA. April 8, 2010.
- Clean drinking water – A cost-effective and environmentally sustainable solution using a simple filtration technology. Department of Civil, Environmental, and Infrastructure Engineering, Thursday, March 18, 2010.
- Our Water: Preventable water related illnesses: Problems, United Press International, Washington, D. C., September 23, 2009. http://www.upi.com/Special-Reports/
- Potable water for Bangladesh – A cost-effective and environmentally sustainable solution to addressing a critical need. Asian Connection for Excellence Week at Exxon-Mobil Research and Engineering, Fairfax, Virginia, USA. May 13, 2009.
- Arsenic in Ground Water: Aquatic Chemistry and Mitigation through a Sustainable Filtration Technology. The Annual Joseph Henry Lecture. The Philosophical Society of Washington, Washington DC, May 16, 2008. http://www.philsoc.org
- Appropriate Technology: Making a Difference in People’s Lives. Global Lecture Series, Haworth College of Business, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI. March 13, 2008.
- The SONO Filter: Making a Difference with Safe Drinking Water, Distinguish Speaker Series, Kalamazoo Math and Science Center, Kalamazoo, MI., March 12, 2008. http://www.kamsconline.com
- “Design with the Other 90%: CITIES”, 4th Episode “Looking Forward. January 2012, “http://itunes.apple.com/us/tv-season/design-with-the-other-90/id481862362 ; SMITHSONIAN CHANNEL HD, Washington DC 20036.
- SONO Filter, Chemistry in the Community, 6th Edition by American Chemical Society. W. H. Freeman, NY. Page 475, Oct 31. 2011.
- SONO filter- a solution for arsenic poisoning, www.cnn.com/video/?/video/…bangladesh.arsenic.cnn
- A la rencontre d’Abul Hussam, un Ange Gardien de la Planète inventeur du filtre anti-arsenic pour rendre l’eau potable en Inde et au … www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Glg-qoXYWo, – Uploaded by Ecologames. May 26, 2011.
- Keynote speaker: Fundraising event for SONO filter distribution in Bangladesh by Hopkins Top Models, November 22, 2010, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.
- Voice of America. On water crisis in Bangladesh, Interview with Masuma Khatun, Sept 22, 2010. http://www.voanews.com/bangla/news/abul-hussam-interview-102256549.html
- Voice of America. Extensive arsenic contamination in Bangladesh, Interview with Sarkar Kabiruddin, Sept 05, 2010. http://www.voanews.com/bangla/news/abul-hussam-interview-102256549.html
- US Citizenship and Immigration Services, Keynote Speaker at the Naturalization Ceremony at Fairfax County Government Center, Fairfax, Virginia, May 14, 2010.
- Voice of America. VOA News – Dr. Abul Hussam Explains Nature Geoscience Article on Arsenic Contamination in Bangladesh’s Groundwater, 22-November-2009.
- Voice of America., US Citizenship and Immigration Services Honor Scientist A. Hussam, by Shameem Chowdhury, Oct 23, 2008. http://www.voanews.com/bangla/2008-10-23-voa6.cfm
- Introduction to Environmental Engineering – Google Books Result
books.google.com/books?isbn=0495295833…P. Aarne Vesilind, Susan M. Morgan, Lauren G. Heine – 2009 – Technology & Engineering – 603 pages. A Figure 10.8 (A) Arsenic lesions on feet; (B) B The first prize of $1 million went to Abul Hussam of George Mason University, whose own home in Bangladesh …
- Principles of Chemistry: The Molecular Science – Google Books Result
books.google.com/books?isbn=0495390798…John W. Moore, Conrad L. Stanitski, Peter C. Jurs – 2009 – Science – 848 pages. In February 2007 the National Academy announced a winner: Abul Hussam, a professor of chemistry and biochemistry at George Mason University. Hussam …