Dr. Martha Buckley, Assistant Research Professor at AOES, is attracting notice for her recent paper with MIT Physical Oceanographer John Marshall. The paper, Observations, inferences, and mechanisms of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation variability: A Review, was highlighted in the “research spotlight” of Eos, the weekly journal of the American Geophysical Union.
The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), pictured in the figure above from the Buckley and Marshall paper (after Church, 2007), is an ocean-spanning set of currents which carry millions of tons per second of warm near-surface water northward where it cools off and returns southward as deep, cold flow. Because of its heat transport, the AMOC plays an important role in climate and has been identified as a possible driver of oscillations which change climate from decade to decade. Buckley and other AOES and COLA scientists and students have been studying the AMOC and its role in climate.